Brooks, Jeremy S. (2010), ‘Buddhism, Economics, and Environmental Values: A Multilevel Analysis of Sustainable Development Efforts in Bhutan’, Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, 24 (7), 637-55.
Approaches linking conservation with development often ignore the impacts of economic change on traditional cultures. While some researchers suggest that development enhances environmental values, others maintain that it threatens traditional beliefs and norms that foster respect for the environment. In this article, I explore how economic factors, religious factors, and community norms are associated with environmental values in 13 villages in three communities in Bhutan. Using multilevel logistic regression, I analyze four environmental values questions and find that economic rather than religious factors are better [read more...]
Kumar, Pranav (2010), ‘Sino-Bhutanese Relations: Under the Shadow of India–Bhutan Friendship’, China Report, 46 (3), 243-52.
Historically the interaction between Bhutan and China was through Tibet. The annexation of Tibet by China and the later uprising in Tibet instilled a sense of fear in Bhutan causing it to close its northern border in 1960. However, Bhutan adopted a more open policy in the 1970s gradually increasing the contacts between the two neighbours. Border talks which started in 1984 resulted in an agreement in 1998 on maintaining peace and tranquility along border areas. While China and Bhutan neither have diplomatic relations nor any legal trade, growing Chinese interests in South Asia encompass Bhutan as [read more...]
Sharma, Rajeev (2010), South Asia’s Rectangular Triangle – Nepal, Bhutan and India (South Asia Analysis Group Paper No. 4012)
It is a tale of two contrasting neighbors for India. Nepal and Bhutan have been as similar and yet as dissimilar as chalk and cheese. The China factor has further muddied the waters when it comes to the Nepal- Bhutan-India triangle — or shall we say a rectangular triangle? This poses a stiff challenge for the Indian diplomacy.
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BHUTAN: POLITICAL PARTIES IN EXILE FORM AN UMBRELLA ORGANISATION: UPDATE NO. 88 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTAN: TEETHING PROBLEMS WITH THE CONSTITUTION, LOTTERY SCAM & THE KING’S VISIT TO INDIA: UPDATE NO. 87 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTAN: DEMOCRACY, REFUGEES & OTHER ISSUES:UPDATE NO. 86 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTAN: INFANT DEMOCRACY AND GROWING PAINS: UPDATE NO. 85 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTAN: GETTING READY FOR THE SAARC SUMMIT: UPDATE NO. 84 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTANESE REFUGEES IN THIRD COUNTRIES: CURRENT POSITION- UPDATE NO. 83 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTAN’S NORTHERN BORDER: CHINA’S BULLYING AND TEASING TACTICS: UPDATE NO. 82 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
BHUTAN: CURRENT STATUS OF THE REFUGEES – UPDATE NO. 81 by Dr. S Chandrasekharan
Lawoti, Mahendra (2010), ‘Nepal and Bhutan in 2009: Transition Travails?’, Asian Survey, 50 (1), 164-72.
Democratic transition in Nepal and Bhutan ran into challenges in 2009. The integration of Maoist combatants, polarization among political elites, increasing ethnic assertion, and mushrooming armed groups have delayed constitution writing in Nepal and led to political instability. In Bhutan, societal assertion against limited rights and discrimination is increasing.
Bertelsmann Stiftung (2010), BTI 2010 Country Report Bhutan, (Bertelsmann Transformations Index).
No abstract available
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Bisht, Medha (2010), ‘India–Bhutan Relations: From Developmental Cooperation to Strategic Partnership’, Strategic Analysis, 34 (3), 350-53.
No abstract available
Freedom House (2010), Country Report Bhutan, (Freedom in the World)
No abstract available
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Institute for Defence Studies & Analyses (IDSA) Comments 2010 by Medha Bisht
Bhutan 2010: Foreign Policy Developments view this article
Political Culture in Bhutan: A Lost Narrative view this article
Sino-Bhutan Boundary Negotiations: Complexities of the ‘Package Deal’ view this article
Chumbi Valley: Economic Rationale but Strategic Resonance view this article
Bisht, Medha (2010), Bhutan in 2009: A Retrospective View, Institute of Defence Studies & Analyses (IDSA Issue Brief).
After successful culmination of parliamentary elections in 2008, the main challenge for Bhutan in the year 2009 was to set the pace for democratic institutionalisation. At the domestic level, the National Assembly of Bhutan witnessed heated political debates on a number of important issues, a development which is suggestive of democratic norms which Bhutan is set to embrace in the coming years. State funding for political parties was the most debated issue and continues to be so as both Druk Phuensum Tshogpa and People’s Democratic Party are mired in financial debt. Despite a robust growth [read more...]
Andelman, David A. (2010), ‘Bhutan, Borders, and Bliss’, World Policy Journal, 27 (1), 103-11.
THIMPHU, Bhutan—The Druk (dragon) Air flight from Bangkok via Dacca banks into its final descent to Paro Airport’s landing strip at 7,333 feet. Nestled in a high valley, surrounded by peaks ranging to 18,000 feet where planes thread their way deftly, it serves as the sole passenger airport in this tiny Asian kingdom. Those fortunate enough to be sitting in a left-hand window seat during the approach can spot the unmistakable majesty of Mt. Everest. Stretching off into the distant east is the remainder of the far Himalayas. Many of these mountains, which surpass 23,000 feet in altitude, remain [read more...]
Fishman, Ram (2010), ‘Gross National Happiness – A Real Alternative or a Romantic Wish? Impressions From the Fourth International Conference on Gross National Happiness in Bhutan’, Consilience-The Journal of Sustainable Development, 3 (1), 179-86.
Back in the 1970s, when discussion concerning economic development was monopolized by the concept of Gross National Product (GNP), King Jigme Singye Wangchuck of Bhutan developed the term Gross National Hapiness (GNH) as an alternative approach to development. Though the last 25 years of his reign saw Bhutan’s economy grow at an average annual rate of 7% while maintaining environmental quality and social capital, the recent stepping down of the king and the transition to democracy have left Bhutanese [read more...]
Evans, Rosalind (2010), ‘The Perils of being a Borderland People: On the Lhotshampas of Bhutan’, Contemporary South Asia, 18 (1), 25-42.
This article responds to Baud and van Schendel’s call for research into the history of borderland people in order to redress ‘the imbalance of “state-centred” studies’. It does so by providing a study of borderlands from the periphery, analysing the experiences of the Lhotshampas – a borderland people of Bhutan – who migrated there from Nepal and India a few generations ago. In response to the Bhutanese Government’s efforts to promote a homogeneous national identity during the 1980s, Lhotshampa political leaders campaigned for increased political and cultural rights. The suppression of their [read more...]
Gallenkamp, Marian (2010), Democracy in Bhutan: An Analysis of Constitutional Change in a Buddhist Monarchy, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS Research Paper No.24).
This short and simple statement made by Bhutan’s Chief Justice after the signing of the country’s first constitution, points to the core of what might be one of the most astonishing and unique transitions to democracy witnessed by scholars so far. With the Kingdom of Bhutan becoming a constitutional monarchy and consequently, one of the world’s youngest democracies, the country took yet another decisive step along a path on which it embarked several years ago. Ever since the emergence of the hereditary monarchy in 1907, the kings have [read more...]
Gallenkamp, Marian (2010), Between China, India and the Refugees: Understanding Bhutan’s National Security Scenario, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS Issue Brief No. 154).
There are few countries in the world, whose bare existence is more surprising than Bhutan’s, given the recent political developments in the Asian region. Landlocked and trapped by geography, roughly 700,000 people live on 39,000 square km tugged between Asia’s two giants – India and China. Bhutan not only withstood numerous attempts to conquer by the Tibetans and Mongols, but also managed to evade colonization and the resultant incorporation into the British Raj, despite two wars against the British. Eventually, the treaty of Punakha, signed in 1910, formally [read more...]